Gingiva Corrections

 
 
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What is the purpose of gingiva Corrections?

  • Gums (gingiva tissue) are truly what highlights an amazing smile
    • Gum tissue acts as a tight collar around the white surface (enamel) of the tooth and prevent the darker and often stained root surface from showing.
    • It also acts to prevent a tooth from appearing too long or oddly shaped.
    • Additionally gum tissue plays a vital role in keeping teeth healthy and preventing plaque and bacteria build-up, preventing cavities.
  • Our gums can be very sensitive to excessive forces and bacteria.
    • Due to this, excessive use of toothbrushing or oral habits (chewing tobacco, sunflower seeds) can put too much pressure on the delicate gum tissue and cause it to shrink and expose more of the tooth.
    • This process takes the thin bone around the teeth away and significantly weakens the tooth, sometimes causing tooth mobility. 

what are the different kinds of gingiva corrections?

  • The goal of tissue contouring is to either replace lost gum tissue to its ideal placement or removes excess to show off more of the tooth. 
  • Excessive gum tissue primarily occurs when the patient has a wide smile and shows off a large amount of their gum tissue in comparison to their teeth.
    • This is known as a "gummy smile" and can be altered by removing portions of the gum tissue thereby increasing the amount of tooth showing.
    • Additionally if the smile still has a "gummy" appearance, surgery can be performed that brings down the level of the upper lip so that that it better surrounds the smile and hides the excessive gum tissue
  • Gum tissue can also be permanently lost, creating a situation where too much of the tooth is showing.
    • The root surface of the tooth may even be exposed in these cases which leads the teeth to become more prone to developing decay. 
    • These areas of lost tissue around teeth can be corrected by placing various types of grafts over the tooth and allowing it to integrate in with the surround gum tissue to once again properly support the tooth.

How permanent is the corrections?

  • If the surgery is successful the corrections will be permanent.
    • However it may be necessary to go back in to refine the areas after the tissue has healed.
  • For patients that have too much gummy tissue, it is possible that the excessive tissue will come back.
    • Certain prescription drugs can cause gum tissue to grow over top of the teeth and requiring us to contour them back to their ideal placement.